Lesson #1

The main difference between pazhaya lipi and puthiya lipi is the way that "u" is written after a consonant/conjugated letter. In puthiya lipi, there is one symbol to take care of this problem, namely, . In pazhaya lipi, however, it depends on which consonant you're talking about. 

Each consonant combined with (, , , etc.) ends with a particular stroke. The conjugated letters take the ending stroke of the last letter of the conjugated letter; for example, if you wanted to write i in pazhaya lipi, you would write i and then, below that, the ending stroke for .

When combined with the sound, most consonants in Malayalam have the ending stroke directly below the rightmost stroke of the letter. For example, in pazhaya lipi is written as , except that the ending stroke should be directly below the "|" stroke in

The following letters take the stroke in pazhaya lipi to represent the sound:


The symbol for in pazhaya lipi is the only letter available in this font that takes an ending stroke different from that taken by the letters above (). in pazhaya lipi is written as e. is the only other letter that also has the same ending stroke as e in pazhaya lipi.

To teach you the other exceptions, I'll need you to do me a very simple favor and click here! Nevertheless, I will divide the exceptions into 2 categories in advance:

1. , (Both of these letters take an ending stroke that looks very similar to the numeral "3")

2. All other consonants that have not been listed on this page. (All of these take the same stroke, which looks a lot like the word "hai" (which means "is") written in Urdu!)