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{ ߵBZ

1. {J آ޼ߵ ͵ ޷AOZ gߵ (indirect object) ޷A f dVJȢ KV bA I (the doer of the action is near the receiver).

: W޿ ߺ. = The sage asked Valmiki.

JW W I, I dVJȢ KV bAK I. ͵ ׵{W . d׵{ آ޼ߵ ͵I f a Vj RCaAQ K.

: X ޿ ȿLX. () = X aA ȿK.

2. M {J gߵ ͵ ޷AOZ Vgߵ ޷A.

: A { A MA â.

{J bբ AG ޺Ja c gߵW Aâ.

: A...â. A AK.

d: I have... = "...exists for me" = A...I, You have... = "...exists for you" = A...I, x x.

3. {J آtߵ ͵ I dcBZ (suffixes) I (=_a, _()).

Aa J Ƣ b CW آtߵ dcϢ R_Q .

: W â .

J Ƣ R_V,Q R_ZQ CW dcϢ R_Q .

: { VJ W. GߵZ ߵ{.

Ƣ R_XQ CW dcϢ R_aQ . M R_Q dcϢ I.

: (a/) X.

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